Ashur Haidarov was born on July 14, 1916 in the city of Samarkand. In 1934 - 1938, he studied at the Samarkand Art College by specialty drawing teacher and graduated with excellent marks. Participant of the Great Patriotic War (1941-1945). In 1955, when he returned to Dushanbe, he began his career as an artist in the humorous magazine Khorpushtak. In 1956, worked as an artist of the art fund of Tajikistan Also, he was a participant of the decade of literature and art in the city of Moscow. Since 1958, a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. He was awarded the title "Honored Artist of Tajikistan" (1990) and the honorary title "People's Artist of Tajikistan" (1991). He died on May 21, 1998 in Dushanbe.
The fund of the National Museum of Tajikistan stores 38 works of the People's Artist of Tajikistan Ashur Haidarov. He dedicated his works to describing the picturesque nature of the region, describing the images of the famous historical figures of the Tajik people, such as Abuali ibn Sino, Abdurahmoni Mushfiki, Mirzo Rizo, Rahim Hoshim, everyday life of workers, artisans, women. Paintings "Rudaki among fellow countrymen", "Poet Abdurahmon Mushfiki in Bukhara", "Meeting Abuali Ibn Sino with Hamadon scholars", "Registan Samarkand", "Portrait of the bride", "Liberation from zindan", "Dropping the burka", "Chairman of the collective farm Mirzo Rizo ", " The fall of the Emirate ", " The asphalting of the road " and a number of other works were among the highly artistic works of contemporary Tajik art. A skillful artist tried to depict the inner world of the heroes of his works by means of sparkling and the correlation of colors of the picturesque nature of the region.